Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye inflammation caused by an allergic reaction to substances like pollen or mold spores. The inside of your eyelids and the covering of your eyeball have a membrane called the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is susceptible to irritation from allergens, especially during hay fever season. Allergic conjunctivitis is quite common. It’s your body’s reaction to substances that it considers potentially harmful.
Causes and Symptoms
Allergic conjunctivitis is experienced when your body tries to defend itself against a perceived threat. It does this in reaction to things that trigger the release of histamine. Your body produces this potent chemical to fight off foreign invaders. Some of the substances that cause this reaction are:
pollen from trees and grass
cemical scents such as household detergents or perfume
In additihon, some people may also experience allergic conjunctivitis in reaction to certain medications or substances dropped into the eyes, such as contact lens solution or medicated eye drops.
Common symptoms may include:
Completely avoiding the environmental factors that cause allergic conjunctivitis can be difficult. The best thing you can do is to limit your exposure to these triggers. Cool compresses (cool moist washcloths) on your closed eyelids several times a day may help relieve the symptoms. Installing a purifier in your home may help. You may also want to consider artificial tear drops that may soothe the eyes and wash away allergy-causing particles from the surface of the eye.
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